Useful Tips

Disk Cleanup


The speed of your PC can slow down significantly thanks to the growing list of files that are saved on your hard drive. Especially if it is the same drive that contains your Windows operating system.

Of course, modern drives may not have the same performance loss as older models with less bandwidth. Regardless, it's a good idea to work on unnecessary file extensions on all your PC drives in a timely manner.

How to use Disk Cleanup to remove unnecessary files

Using the instructions below and disk cleaning schemes, you will learn how to efficiently delete unnecessary files from your computer. If you have multiple drives, simply repeat the steps for each one. Please note that on a drive with Windows installed there will usually be more folders to delete if you are not an advanced user and moved them to another drive.

Cleaning Open Partitions

  1. You can easily access the disk cleanup by left-clicking on the Start icon in the lower left corner of the desktop. Then type cleanmgr in the search field and press Enter - or select cleanmgr with the mouse.

Cleanmgr command Also, open the Computer or My Computer folder (on the desktop or in the Start menu) and right-click the Disk Drive icon that you want to clean. Then select “Properties” and after opening the “Disk Properties” window, left-click on the disk cleanup.

Disk Cleanup Option

Drive selection

Select the drive or partition you want to erase. Drive (C 🙂 is usually your main drive, which contains the Windows operating system and your program files. Once you have made your choice, just click “OK.” A window will appear indicating that Disk Cleanup is currently scanning your drive.

Select files to delete

Finally, a real disk cleanup panel appears. Look at the “Files to delete” field (highlighted in red), if you click on each of them, a description will be displayed below it. More detailed descriptions for each category. In the section below, see which files should be selected for deletion. In some categories (not all), you can click the "View Files" button to go to the folder and view each individual file.

Permanent file deletion

After checking the categories that you want to delete, left-click on the OK button. You will be asked to enter a field with the question: “Do you really want to permanently delete these files?”. If you want to continue, left-click on the “Delete Files” button. A progress window will open, and after deleting the files you have selected, the disk cleanup program will close automatically. Congratulations, your Disk Drive has just been cleaned up and is now optimized for better performance.

What files should be selected for deletion?

  1. Since the needs of each user will differ, there are no absolutes in the offers that we can make here. We can provide information that will help you decide which files to delete, but in the end you will have to make the final decision yourself.
  2. Downloaded program files. When you surf the Internet, websites usually host Java and ActiveX data on your drive. This may slow down your next visit to these sites if you delete them. We prefer to clean it, as there is data from websites that we will probably never visit again on our hard drive. In addition, ActiveX and Java may pose a security risk due to the nature of the files and the way they are used.
  3. Temporary Internet files. Each web page you visit is hosted here for quick search on subsequent visits. You may notice that when you go to a web page that takes a lot of time, when you click the back button, it loads instantly. This is the result of your browser retrieving the saved page directly from your hard drive. Deleting temporary Internet files will NOT delete stored passwords and login data.
  4. Offline web pages. If you save your web pages for offline viewing, they are saved in this folder. If you delete them, you will need to visit the site to sync them again.
  5. Basket. Everything is clear here without comment.
  6. Backup service pack files - if you have passed the update of the main Windows Update, these are old files that were saved, so you can remove the service pack.
  7. Temporary files - used to store temporary data while the program is running. Then the data is deleted when the program closes. Sometimes the rest of the data will still be used by the program after a restart.
  8. Thumbnails. When you open a folder, such as the Pictures folder, you will see small thumbnails for each image. They are stored here for immediate download when opening a folder. If you delete them, the next time you open the folder, they will be recreated on the fly, slowing down the display speed, as if it were the first time.

How to clear the computer memory from unnecessary files manually?

No matter how corny it sounds, but first of all it should Empty trash. For example, at the very beginning of my acquaintance with a computer, I did not know that simply deleting files is not enough to completely get rid of them. Then you also need to empty the Recycle Bin, into which they are carefully placed by the operating system in case you delete something by accident or change your mind and want to restore some files.

    So, if we are talking about deleting a specific file, right-click on it, select Delete and approve.

After that, we right-click on the Basket, select Empty Basket and also approve.

By the way, there is another way to delete files that does not require their repeated removal from the Recycle Bin. Select the file with a single left click on it, and then simultaneously hold down the Shift + Delete keys. A window appears asking Yes.

The file has been deleted from the computer, bypassing the Recycle Bin. On the one hand, it’s quite convenient and fast, on the other hand, this method requires caution: you can not delete the file irretrievably on the machine automatically, having lost the ability to restore it from the Recycle Bin. So take this method into service only if you are firmly convinced that you are deleting completely unnecessary files and eliminating the possibility of an error.

Disk cleanup in Windows from garbage. We remove all unnecessary at once.

So, we looked at how to delete individual files manually, but this is not enough to clear the computer's memory. The fact is that a hard disk, also known as a hard drive, is usually divided into several local disks. Typically, this is system drive C and another or more local drives. So, on the system disk, in addition to the operating system itself, many temporary files are stored that are automatically created to ensure the speed of various programs. Clean up C drive from junk, is needed not only to free up disk space, but also to improve system performance. Therefore, if you want to ensure the maximum performance of your computer, clean the C drive from garbage at least once a week.

Now let's look directly at how to clear the computer's memory.

1. To do this, open My Computer and right-click on the local drive, then select Properties

2. Select the item Disk Cleanup

3. Patiently wait while the cleaning program estimates the amount of space and looks for files that can be deleted. This process may take several minutes if the disk has not been cleaned from unnecessary files for a long time. If you conduct it regularly, then it will, accordingly, take less time.

4. A window appears showing the files and the amount of disk space that will be freed up as a result of their removal. Check that all files are checked. Usually the system does this itself, but if there is no mark somewhere, check the box yourself. Click OK.

5. Confirm file deletion.

6. We wait while the hard drive is being cleaned.

7. The process is completed, unnecessary files are deleted. Click OK.

Now you know how to clean the computer memory. Repeat this process for the remaining local drives. On this disk cleaning finished.

As you can see Disk Cleanup in Windows 7 (both in XP and Vista) - the process is simple, convenient and quite effective. Now you will always know how to clear computer memorywhile preserving the files that you might already be about to delete in a desperate attempt to free up disk space. Do not forget to regularly clean disks from junk and unnecessary files, because this way you can increase the speed of the system and thereby save your time. Good luck in your further study of using a computer.

Click here to watch a video tutorial.

Clearing the Favorites and Libraries folders on disk (C :)

Right click to click:
• start,
• A computer.

Find the “favorites” folder, which includes the main subfolders: “downloads”, “desktop”, and additional ones, depending on the installed programs, for example, Yandex.Disk and other cloud services.

Now you can open one subfolder and, without regret, delete all unnecessary files from there. The download folder can be freed completely, because it stores information that already exists on the computer. These are different archived rar and zip programs that have already been unpacked and installed on your computer. Unnecessary shortcuts from them are probably available on the desktop. There are also old downloads that have long been removed from the desktop due to uselessness.

Likewise, audit with the desktop folder. It contains everything that you are used to seeing on the monitor. Perhaps you have unnecessary files or folders there.

The remaining files: pictures, music and programs from the Favorites folder, which are used extremely rarely, but for some reason they are needed, it is better to transfer to a separate disk, flash memory or drop into any cloud space: Yandex.Disk, Mail clouds . This will free up a significant amount of disk space.

Now go to the “Libraries” folder and free up the maximum subfolders:
• Video
• Documents,
• Images,
• Music.

The remaining material can be transferred to a separate disk. The cleaner the drive (C :) will be, the more productive the PC.

Take care of the free space in advance so that in the future it will clog less. You can transfer most of the subfolders from the drive (C :) to (D :), which, as a rule, is empty when the main disk space is completely full.

Subfolders: downloads, desktop - you can safely send to disk (D :). Go to the properties of each subfolder, in the "general" tab, change their location from C: Users ADMIN Downloads and C: Users ADMIN Desktop to D: .

Why clean drive C?

Filling a system disk can lead to a number of inconveniences. If there is little space on drive C, the following problems may occur:

  • You cannot install new programs,
  • There is no room for operating system updates,
  • The speed of the PC is reduced.

The first problem is easily solved. If there is not enough space on drive C, then you can install new programs in other sections (D, E, etc.). But what to do with the second and third paragraph? There is only one way out - you need to clean the system disk. How can this be done? How to free up disk space C? The answer can be found in this article.

How to free up space on the system disk?

Many people have no idea how to clean up the local drive C. People mistakenly believe that it is very difficult. Computer cleaning is a quick and easy process that does not require any specialized IT knowledge. However, this procedure should not be neglected. The system disk should be cleaned at least once a month.

There are many ways that you can clean your computer from debris. The most effective we will consider in this article. Before you begin, it should be noted that the methods below can be used to clean drive C from garbage on Windows 10, Windows 7, and other versions of this OS.

Cleaning the temp folder (Windows temporary folder)

In the temp folder, different programs store their temporary files. "Temporary" in this case implies that these files are unnecessary and can be safely cleaned. This folder needs to be cleaned periodically, because some programs delete their files after themselves, and some do not. Over time, the folder can become clogged with garbage and take up to 20 GB of memory.

The easiest way to clean your computer is to run a special program. Today there are many, among them the most famous are Glary Utilites and CCleaner.

If there is no cleaning program, but you do not want to install it, clean it manually. For cleaning, you need to get to the temp folder, which is located on disk (C :), but before that you need to close all running programs. Depending on the operating system of your PC, select one of the following:

For XP: “Start”, then “Run”,
For Vista and Windows 7: “Start”, “All Programs”, “Accessories”, “Run”.

In the line that appears, set the command “% temp%” (without quotes), click “ok”.

A folder opens with an endless list of different files. Remove everything, nothing bad will happen.

An even simpler method of cleaning is to click on the “erase disk” button. It is located in the “properties” of drive C, called with the left mouse button.

Manual removal of unnecessary programs

Of course, software occupies the most space. Therefore, when you want to clean drive C from garbage, first of all, attention should be paid to software.

How to clean drive C from unnecessary files? To uninstall the program, you must use the built-in Windows utility. To start it, you must go to the "Start" menu and select "Control Panel" in the drop-down tab. Then you need to go to the "Uninstall programs" section.

A new window opens containing information about all the programs that are on the computer. They can be sorted by size, date or name. What can be removed? First of all, software that is not used at all is subject to uninstallation. As a rule, these are past games. In order to remove the program, click RMB on it, after which the corresponding tab will appear.

Windows Embedded Utility

You can free your computer from garbage using the standard Windows utility. This is done very simply. You need to go into the "Computer" and click RMB on the disk, which we will clean. In the drop-down list, click on the “Properties” item, after which a new window opens with information about the memory partition. We are interested in the "General" tab. We go there and click on the "Disk Cleanup" button.

The built-in utility will begin to analyze data and search for unnecessary files. It will take a certain amount of time. After the program analyzes the computer's memory, it will display a list of unnecessary files. They should be checked and then click “OK”.

You can’t free up a lot of memory in this way, but you can win a couple of tens of megabytes.

Temporary files

To carry out the correct installation or update of programs, antiviruses, etc. temporary files are created on the computer. The operating system stores them in the Temp folder, which is located on drive C. Temporary files are not needed for the daily work of programs. Therefore, software that uses intermediate resources deletes them after installation or update is completed automatically.

However, sometimes a crash occurs due to which temporary files are not deleted. This leads to the fact that the Temp folder begins to gradually become clogged and take up more and more space on the system disk. To fix this, you must delete the intermediate files manually. This is done very simply. You need to go to the Temp folder, which is located at Computer> Drive C> the Windows folder. To free memory on drive C, you must uninstall the contents of this folder.

In Windows 10, Windows 7 and other versions of the OS, there are two folders for storing temporary files. You can get to the second via the Start menu. You just need to enter the search query% Temp%. The folder needs to be opened and cleaned. It is worth noting that sometimes the operating system may give a warning that some files are not deleted. This suggests that they are currently being used by some kind of program. If such a message appears, then simply click on the “Skip” button.

The Recycle Bin is a special folder, which is a temporary storage for deleted files. Everything that is stored there takes up computer memory. Therefore, the "Basket" must be cleaned from time to time. To do this, right-click on the folder and click on the “Empty Trash” item in the drop-down list. After that, the folder will be freed from garbage, and the memory on drive C will become larger.

Users quite often download movies, music, games through a standard browser downloader. Files from the Internet are automatically saved in the "Downloads" folder. А она, как известно, располагается на диске С. Если пользователь часто скачивает какие-то файлы из интернета, то свободное дисковое пространство очень быстро иссякает. Чтобы не допустить засорения диска С, нужно время от времени проверять загрузочную папку на наличие объемных файлов.

Надо открыть «Компьютер» и перейти в «Загрузки».

Необходимо проверить папку на наличие больших файлов и если таковые имеются, то их надо удалить или переместить на другой диск.

Файл подкачки

В ОС Windows существует файл подкачки. How does it affect memory and why is it needed? Sometimes the system does not have enough RAM to perform certain operations. In such cases, the file takes a certain amount of read-only memory from the disk and uses it as operational memory.

To free drive C, you need to make the swap file take resources elsewhere. You need to go to the “Computer” folder, and then click RMB. In the tab that appears, click on “Properties”. A window will appear. In it, open the "Advanced system settings."

Then click on “Options”.

In the new window, go to the "Advanced" section and click on "Change."

We install a disk from which the page file will take memory. This is done as follows. Select drive C and put a label in front of the “No swap file” property. To confirm, click on the "Set" button. With another disk, we do the opposite and note the property "Size at the choice of the system."

If the window does not allow changing the properties (the field with disks is highlighted dim), then uncheck the box next to the option “Automatically select the size of the paging file”.


To save memory on drive C, you can turn off hibernation on your computer. It is necessary to activate the command line (Win + R combination) and write in it: powercfg.exe –h off. Press Enter and voila - hibernation is disabled. After restarting the computer, you will notice that the memory on the system drive has become a little more.

However, unless absolutely necessary, the hibernation mode is best avoided. This is an extremely useful feature that allows you to restore the work of previously launched programs, even if the computer was turned off. To reactivate hibernation, in the console you need to write the command powercfg.exe –h on and restart the PC.

Control points

Control points are created after various changes in the system (updating drivers, installing new software, etc.). They allow you to roll back the system in case of any problems. But for such an opportunity, you must pay with system memory. To free up drive C, you can delete the control points. This will give a couple megabytes of memory. In this video you can learn about how to delete recovery points and thus clean the local C drive:

Memory on drive C gets clogged up pretty quickly. This can cause a number of troubles. To avoid problems, you need to monitor the amount of free space and from time to time clean the system disk. Cleaning the C drive positively affects the performance of the computer and does not take much time. There are many free ways to free up disk space with full memory. Moreover, these methods are the same on all operating systems from Microsoft. That is, disk cleaning on Windows 10, Windows 7, Windows XP, Windows Vista occurs identically.

Flush cache

Modern browsers cache the browsed web pages, that is, save their copies in memory. This speeds up the loading of sites that you frequently visit, so the function is convenient. Over time, memory becomes clogged, information about new pages is not cached, and this leads to slow loading of sites. Internet seems to be slower than usual. It takes a long time to download to view photos or videos. All this data needs to be deleted.

Thanks to the operation to clear the cache, you will delete copies of the pages of old sites from there, which you will never return to. True, along with caching of old pages, information about new pages will also be cleared. But this is not scary. Actual sites will be saved in memory again.

The easiest way to clear the cache is to use the aforementioned CCleaner program. It is worth considering that clearing the cache removes information about logins and passwords, if you look through and do not uncheck the "logins-passwords" field.

The cache can be cleared in the browser itself. Different browsers do this differently. Let's consider everything.

Google Chrome Browser

1. Ctrl + Shift + Del to press simultaneously,
2. In the window that appears, select the files necessary for cleaning,

3. Clear history.

Internet explorer

1. In the browser panel, find the “service”, click with the mouse.
2. A menu will drop out in which you need to find, in order, the lines “browser properties”, “general”, “browsing history”.
3. Check the box, click “delete”.

4. In the window that opens, check the boxes for the items you want to delete, click "delete" again.

Deleting restore control points

In the function of the computer operating system, by default, control points are created to restore previous states. They are vital when a crash accidentally occurs, or the program with the driver is deleted by mistake, or when a free utility is downloaded, the computer picks up the virus.

Thanks to the control points, you can restore the previous state of the computer from service data recorded by the operating system to the hard disk (C :) without losing important documents.

Depending on the settings, control points can be created with enviable regularity: from one to several times a day. Over time, this leads to the fact that the disk is clogged with irrelevant information. That is, if your PC is already 5 years old, it makes no sense to store unnecessary files about the state of the computer five years ago. The operating system has enough of the points that it has made in the last 1-2 months or 1-2 days, if desired. Feel free to delete the rest, as information sometimes takes more than 14 GB.

To perform the operation and free the PC from garbage, except for the most recent points, you need to do the following:
1. Start
2. My computer
3. Properties
4. System Protection
5. Customize
6. Delete
7. Yes

Removing unnecessary programs and components

The method is suitable for experienced users, but since the computer can be restored from the last save point, a less experienced PC user can try it.

Removing unused programs or games will free up a huge amount of space.

Need to choose:
1. Start
2. The control panel
3. Programs, removal of programs.

A list of programs appears. You need to analyze the programs and remove everything that you have not been using for a long time.

Not all programs take their components upon removal, so you have to manually go through the list and delete everything.

When analyzing each program, many are guided by the size of the files, deleting only large ones. Some programs do not show size. This creates a false impression that it weighs zero kb and does not particularly interfere. It is better to remove it if you do not use it, because it can weigh several GB, or just slow down the computer.

After each deleted program and components, it is advisable to immediately save the control point. This will help you in case of removal of the necessary component - to return the state of the computer that was before, but not for long. Otherwise, several hours of work to remove programs may go down the drain.

Computer memory expansion

To quickly clean the disk (C :), if there is no time to think about each program, you can buy an additional hard drive per terabyte and transfer everything to it.

You can also rent space from cloud services, transfer all available information to a third-party disk. Most cloud storage provides quite decent amounts of free memory for free.

For more convenient disk analysis, use the free program WinDirStat or similar.
Thanks to it, you can scan the hard drive and find out what types of programs and files, how much space they take. If you are a torrent user, then with the help of WinDirStat you can easily see and be able to get rid of unnecessary old films and programs that are on the disk with dead weight and occupy terabytes. In addition, WinDirStat can show how much disk space the program takes, even if this information was hidden from you.

If you have any questions, I will gladly answer them in the comments.